background image
Installation procedure
1. Remove the ignition key and disconnect the
negative - terminal of the battery to prevent
short circuits.
2. Set the unit according to the intended usage.
3. Connect the input and output cables of the
units.
4. Connect the speaker wires.
5. Connect the power wire, power control wire
and grounding wire following this order.
6. Install the unit in the car.
7. Connect the negative - terminal of the battery.
To prevent fire caused by a short in the wiring,
connect a fusible link or breaker nearby the
battery's positive terminal.
· Be sure to turn the power off before changing the
setting of any switch.
· If the fuse blows, check wires for shorts, then
replace the fuse with one of the same rating.
· Check that no unconnected cables or connectors
are touching the car body. Do not remove caps from
unconnected cables or connectors to prevent short
circuits.
· Connect the speaker wires to appropriate speaker
connectors separately. Sharing the negative wire of
the speaker or grounding speaker wires to the metal
body of the car can cause this unit to fail.
· After installation, check that the brake lamps,
winkers, and wipers work properly.
Speaker level input terminals (7)
When the genuine-accessory car stereo power is
turned ON/OFF, check that the power to this unit
has followed suit.
In some cases, the power control is not correctly
operated by the genuine-accessory car stereo. If
this is the case, connect the ACC or power
control signal to the P.CON terminal.
· The genuine-accessory car stereo shall have a
maximum power output of no more than 40 W.
· Do not connect the speaker output leads from
a power amplifier (Optional) to the speaker
level input terminals of this unit, for this may
cause malfunction or damage.
· Do not connect cables and leads to both RCA
cable input jacks and the speaker level input
terminals simultaneously, for this may cause
malfunction or damage.
· Connect the power control lead to a power
supply which can be turned ON/OFF by the
ignition key switch (ACC line). With this
connection, shock noise may be generated
when the power of the genuine-accessory car
stereo is switched ON/OFF.
Power terminal (234)
Connect to their respective terminals the power
supply wire, and ground wire, all of which pass
through the associated terminal cover. Once the
connections are complete, place the cover on
the terminal section.
Accessories
Installation
Since the power amplifier has no parts which require
operation, it can be installed at a position away from
the driver's seat without any hindrances.
As generally accepted positions for its installation,
places such as inside the trunk, etc. can be
considered.
· Do not install the unit under the carpet. Otherwise
heat build-up occurs and the unit may be damaged.
· Install this unit in a location which allows heat to
easily dissipate. Once installed, do not place any
object on top of the unit.
· The surface temperature of the amplifier will
become hot during use. Install the amplifier in a
place where people, resins, and other substances
that are sensitive to heat will not come into contact
with it.
· When making a hole under a seat, inside the trunk,
or somewhere else in the vehicle, check that there
is nothing hazardous on the opposite side such as a
gasoline tank, brake pipe, or wiring harness, and be
careful not to cause scratches or other damage.
· Do not install near the dashboard, rear tray, or air
bag safety parts.
· The installation to the vehicle should securely fasten
the unit to a place in which it will not obstruct
driving. If the unit comes off due to a shock and hits
a person or safety part, it may cause injury or an
accident.
· After installing the unit, check to make sure that
electrical equipment such as the brake lamps, turn
signal lamps and windshield wipers operate
normally.
2CAUTION
2CAUTION
2CAUTION
2WARNING
KAC-959
5-CHANNEL POWER AMPLIFIER
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
© PRINTED IN USA B64-1980-00 (KM/EM)
Take the time to read through this instruction manual.
Familiarity with installation and operation procedures will help
you obtain the best performance from your new power amplifier.
For your records
Record the serial number, found on the back of the unit, in the spaces
designated on the warranty card, and in the space provided below.
Refer to the model and serial numbers whenever you call upon your
KENWOOD dealer for information or service on the product.
Model KAC-959 Serial number
Specifications
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Audio Section
Max Power Output
5 Channel Mode ..........................................................................80 W
× 4 (4 ) + 240 W × 1 (4 )
4 Channel Mode.............................................80 W
× 2 (4 ) + 240 W × 1 (4 ) + 240 W × 1 (4 )
3 Channel Mode ........................................................................240 W
× 2 (4 ) + 320 W × 1 (2 )
Rated Power Output (4
)
5 Channel Mode ............................................................................................40 W
× 4 + 120 W × 1
..................... (20 Hz ~ 20 kHz, less than 0.08 % THD) + (20 Hz ~ 200 Hz, less than 0.08 % THD)
5 Channel Mode .....................................................40 W
× 4 + 120 W × 1 (DIN45324, +B=14.4 V)
4 Channel Mode .......................................................................40 W
× 2 + 120 W × 1 + 120 W × 1
...............................(20 Hz ~ 20 kHz, 0.08 % THD) + (1 kHz, 0.8 % THD) + (100 Hz, 0.08 % THD)
3 Channel Mode ......................120 W
× 2 (1 kHz, 0.8 % THD) + 120 W × 1 (100 Hz, 0.08 % THD)
Rated Power Output (2
)
5 Channel Mode ..........................60 W
× 4 (1 kHz, 0.8 % THD) + 150 W × 1 (100 Hz, 0.8 % THD)
Frequency Response (+0, ­3 dB) .................................................................................5 Hz ~ 50 kHz
Signal to Noise Ratio................................................................................................................100 dB
Sensitivity (MAX) ..................................................................................................0.2 V (rated output)
Sensitivity (MIN) ...................................................................................................5.0 V (rated output)
Input Impedance........................................................................................................................10 k
High Pass Filter Frequency (12 dB/oct.) (A,B channel)..................................................80 Hz, 150 Hz
Low Pass Filter Frequency (18 dB/oct.) (SUB channel)....................................50 ~ 200 Hz (Variable)
Infrasonic Filter Frequency (18 dB/oct.) (SUB channel)..............................................................15 Hz
General
Operating Voltage (11 ~ 16 V allowable)...................................................................................14.4 V
Current Consumption (1 kHz, 10 % THD)....................................................................................48 A
Dimensions (W
× H × D).......................................290 × 56 × 320 mm (11-7/16 × 2-3/16 × 12-5/8 in.)
Weight .......................................................................................................................5.2 kg (11.4 lbs)
Safety precautions
To prevent injury or fire, take the following
precautions:
· When extending the ignition, battery, or ground
wires, make sure to use automotive-grade wires or
other wires with a 5mm2 (AWG10) or more to
prevent wire deterioration and damage to the wire
coating.
· To prevent a short circuit, never put or leave any
metallic objects (such as coins or metal tools) inside
the unit.
· If the unit starts to emit smoke or strange smells,
turn off the power immediately and consult your
Kenwood dealer.
· Do not touch the unit during use because the surface
of the unit becomes hot and may cause burns if
touched.
To prevent damage to the machine, take the
following precautions:
· Be sure the unit is connected to a 12V DC power
supply with a negative ground connection.
· Do not open the top or bottom covers of the unit.
· Do not install the unit in a spot exposed to direct
sunlight or excessive heat or humidity. Also avoid
places with too much dust or the possibility of water
splashing.
· When replacing a fuse, only use a new one with the
prescribed rating. Using a fuse with the wrong rating
may cause your unit to malfunction.
· To prevent a short circuit when replacing a fuse, first
disconnect the wiring harness.
· If you experience problems during installation,
consult your Kenwood dealer.
· If the unit does not seem to be working right, consult
your Kenwood dealer.
FCC WARNING
This equipment may generate or use radio frequency
energy. Changes or modifications to this equipment
may cause harmful interference unless the
modifications are expressly approved in the instruction
manual. The user could lose the authority to operate
this equipment if an unauthorized change or
modification is made.
Cleaning the unit
If the front panel gets dirty, turn off the power and
wipe the panel with a dry silicon cloth or soft cloth.
Do not wipe the panel with a hard cloth or a cloth
dampened by volatile solvents such as paint thinner
and alcohol. They can scratch the surface of the panel
and/or cause the indicator letters to peel off.
Wiring
· If a buzzing noise is heard from the speakers
when the engine is running, connect a line noise
filter (optional) to each of the battery wire.
· Do not allow the wire to directly contact the edge
of the iron plate by using Grommets.
· Connect the ground wire to a metal part of the
car chassis that acts as an electrical ground
passing electricity to the battery`s negative -
terminal. Do not turn the power on if the ground
wire is not connected.
· Be sure to attach a protective fuse into the
battery wire close to the battery. Use a
protective fuse having a capacity that is about 10
A higher than the maximum current drawn by the
amplifier.
· Use vehicle-type (fire-resistant) power supply
wiring wire for the battery wire and the ground
wire. The current capacity of the power supply
wiring wire should be about 10 A higher than that
of the protective fuse capacity (which means
about 20 A higher than the maximum current
drawn by the amplifier).
· When more than one power amplifier are going
to be used, use a power supply wiring wire and
protective fuse of greater current-handling
capacity than the total maximum current drawn
by each amplifier.
Speaker Selection
· The rated input power of the speakers that are
going to be connected should be greater than
the maximum output power (in Watts) of the
amplifier. Use of speakers having input power
ratings that are less than the output power of
the amplifier will cause smoke to be emitted as
well as damage.
· The impedance of the speakers that are going to
be connected should be 2
or greater (for
stereo connections), or 4
or greater (for
bridged connections). When more than one set
of speakers are going to be used, calculate the
combined impedance of the speakers and then
connect suitable speakers to the amplifier.
2CAUTION
NOTE
2CAUTION
2WARNING
Maximum Current Drawn
Protective Fuse
Cross-sectional Area of
Wiring Wire (AWG)
48 A
60 A
× 1 [30 A × 2]
5 mm2 (AWG 10) or
greater
× 1
Example: One Power Amplifier Is Used
Part name
Number of
Items
External
View
Terminal cover
(Power terminal)
1
Self-tapping screws
(ø4
× 16 mm)
4
Installation board,
etc. (thickness :
15 mm or more)
Self-tapping screw
(ø4
× 16 mm)
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
No sound.
(No sound from one side.)
(Blown fuse.)
The output level is too
small (or too large).
The sound quality is bad.
(The sound is distorted.)
· Input (or output) cables are
disconnected.
· Protection circuit may be
activated.
· Volume is too high.
· The speaker cord is shorted.
The input sensitivity adjusting
control is not set to the correct
position.
· The speakers wire are
connected with wrong + / -
polarity.
·A speaker wire is pinched by a
screw in the car body.
· The switches may be set
improperly.
· Connect the input (or output)
cables.
· Check connections by referring
to "Power indicator".
· Replace the fuse and use lower
volume.
· After check the speaker cord and
fixing the cause of the short,
replace the fuse.
Adjust the control correctly
referring to "Controls".
· Connect them properly checking
the + / - of the terminals and
wires well.
· Connect the speaker wire again
so that it is not pinched by
anything.
· Set switches properly by
referring to "System examples".
8
2
4
4
4
4
30 A
30 A
30 A
30 A
Troubleshooting Guide
What might appear to be a malfunction in your unit may just be the result of slight misoperation or
miswiring. Before calling service, first check the following table for possible problems.
KAC-959(KE)1En
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background image
System examples
BRIDGED
BRIDGED
L
R
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
L
R
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
N-F
L
R
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
F
R
F
R
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
B.ch HPF
A.ch HPF
FREQUENCY(Hz)
SUB.CH LPF
170
200
150
100
80
70
50
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
L
R
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
L
R
L
R
N-F
L
R
L
R
L
R
A
B
SUB
A
B
SUB
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
B.ch HPF
A.ch HPF
FREQUENCY(Hz)
SUB.CH LPF
170
200
150
100
80
70
50
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
9
%
$
9
%
$
9
%
$
9
%
$
9
%
8
#
8
#
$
SUB
SUB
OUTPUT
POWER IN
GND
BATT
P.CON
FUSE(25Ax2)
BRIDGED
RIGHT
LEFT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
RIGHT
LEFT
25
25
A
B
R
L
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
A
A
B
B
24
3
L
A
A
R
L
R
B
A
B
SUB
B
F
R
N-F
/ L
/ R
The unit is a 5-channel amplifier incorporating 2
stereo amplifiers and 1 monaural amplifier in a
single body.
The stereo amplifier on one side is called amplifier
A, while the one on the other side is amplifier B.
The monaural amplifier is called the amplifier SUB.
This unit is compatible with a large variety of
systems by combining the switches and functions
described in the following.
1 Fuse (25 A
× 2)
2 Power control terminal
3 Battery terminal
4 Ground terminal
5 Amplifier A/B speaker output
terminals
· Stereo Connections:
When you wish to use the unit as a stereo
amplifier, stereo connections are used.
· Bridged Connections:
When you wish to use the unit as a high-
output monaural amplifier, bridged
connections are used. (Make connections to
the LEFT channel (+) and the RIGHT channel
(-) SPEAKER OUTPUT terminals.)
6 Amplifier SUB speaker output
terminal
As this unit accepts speakers with a minimum
impedance of 2 ohms, connect speakers with
2-ohm or higher impedance to these terminals.
7 Speaker level input terminals
A center unit with no RCA output can still be
connected to the speaker output.
Again, even without a power control signal, the
power is switched ON/OFF automatically by
the speaker signal.
8 HPF(High-Pass Filter) switch
When this switch is set to 80 Hz or 150 Hz,
frequencies below the setting value will be cut.
9 INPUT SELECTOR (A/AB) switch
This switch toggles the input signal of amplifier
B.
·A position:
The input for terminal A is output from
amplifiers A and B.
· AB position:
The input for terminal A is output from amplifier
A, while the input for terminal B is output from
amplifier B.
0 INPUT SENSITIVITY control
Set this control according to the pre-output
level of the center unit connected with this
unit, or to the maximum power output of the
genuine-accessory car stereo.
Use the diagram on the right as a guide.
The sensitivities of amplifiers A, B and SUB can
be adjusted independently regardless of the
position of the input selector switch.
For the pre-output level or the maximum power
output, refer to the "Specifications" in the
instruction manual of the center unit.
! RCA cable ground lead terminal
When using an RCA cable with a ground lead
attached, connect the ground lead to this terminal.
Do not use this terminal for power source
grounding. This unit will be damaged if the power
source grounding wire is connected to this
terminal.
@ Amplifier A/B/SUB LINE IN terminal
# SUB.CH LPF(Low-Pass Filter)
FREQUENCY control
This control adjusts the frequency band output
from this SUB channel.
$ OPERATION switch
This switch is used to select the operation
mode of the amplifier.
· STEREO position:
The amplifier can be used as a stereo amplifier.
· MONO (Lch) position:
Amplifies the signal input from the left side
only. Set to this position and make bridged
connections to use as a high-power monaural
amplifier. (The input right signal is not output.)
% INPUT SELECTOR (AB/SUB) switch
This switch toggles the input signal of amplifier
SUB.
· AB position:
The input for terminals A and B input is mixed
and output from amplifier SUB.
The input signal varies according to the setting
of the INPUT SELECTOR (A/AB) switch and the
OPERATION switch.
· SUB position:
The input for the SUB terminal is output by
amplifier SUB.
Power indicator
When the power is turned on, the Power indicator
lights.
If the Power indicator does not light when the power
is turned on, the protection function may be
activated. Check whether there is any indication of
trouble.
The protection function is activated
in the following situations:
This unit is equipped with a protection function for
protecting this unit and your speakers from various
accidents or problems that can occur.
When the protection function is triggered, the
Power indicator goes off and the amplifier stops
operating.
· When a speaker wire may be short-circuited.
· When a speaker output contacts ground.
· When the unit malfunctions and a DC signal is
sent to the speaker output.
· When the internal temperature is high and unit
won't operate.
· When a ground wire of the center unit (cassette
receiver, CD receiver, etc.) or this unit is not
connected to a metal part serving as an electrical
ground passing electricity to the battery's
negative - terminal.
NOTE
2CAUTION
NOTE
Controls
INPUT
SENSITIVITY(V)
0
SUB
SUB
OUTPUT
POWER IN
GND
BATT
P.CON
FUSE(25Ax2)
BRIDGED
RIGHT
LEFT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
RIGHT
LEFT
25
25
A
B
R
L
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
A
A
B
B
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
LINE IN
GND
FREQUENCY(Hz)
SUB.CH LPF
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
5/4/3 CHANNEL
POWER AMPLIFIER
B
SUB
A
A
L
R
B
SUB
SENSITIVITY(V)
A.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
SENSITIVITY(V)
B.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
SENSITIVITY(V)
SUB.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
170
200
150
100
80
70
50
B
A
A
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
A.CH HPF
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
B.CH HPF
MAXIMUM POWER
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
B
SUB
A
B
A
A
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
A.CH HPF
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
B.CH HPF
1
2 3 4
#
7
0
8
9
$
%
(W)
25
15
10
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
5
6
40
Power indicator
Terminal cover
Battery
Ground wire*
Battery wire*
Protective Fuse*
Power control wire*
Power wire connection
Connection
For safe installation, read "Installation procedure" before starting work.
NOTE
SUB
SUB
OUTPUT
POWER IN
GND
BATT
P.CON
FUSE(25Ax2)
BRIDGED
RIGHT
LEFT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
RIGHT
LEFT
25
25
A
B
R
L
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
A
A
B
B
SUB
SUB
OUTPUT
POWER IN
GND
BATT
P.CON
FUSE(25Ax2)
BRIDGED
RIGHT
LEFT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
RIGHT
LEFT
25
25
A
B
R
L
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
A
A
B
B
SUB
SUB
OUTPUT
POWER IN
GND
BATT
P.CON
FUSE(25Ax2)
BRIDGED
RIGHT
LEFT
SPEAKER
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
RIGHT
LEFT
25
25
A
B
R
L
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
A
A
B
B
SELECTOR
INPUT
INPUT SELECTOR
LINE IN
GND
FREQUENCY(Hz)
SUB.CH LPF
MONO(Lch)
STEREO
OPERATION
5/4/3 CHANNEL
POWER AMPLIFIER
B
SUB
A
A
L
R
BSUB
SENSITIVITY(V)
A.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
SENSITIVITY(V)
B.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
SENSITIVITY(V)
SUB.CH INPUT
0.3
0.2(MAX)
0.5
1
2
3
4
(MIN)5
170
200
150
100
80
70
50
B
A
A
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
A.CH HPF
OFF
150Hz
80Hz
B.CH HPF
2
2
L
L
A
A
L
A
A
B
R
B
R
L
R
R
L
R
A
R
B
B
L
B
SUB
SUB
SUB
A
B
BRIDGED
A
B
BRIDGED
!
56
56
GND
LEFT
BRIDGED
RIGHT
SUB
LEFT
BRIDGED
RIGHT
SUB
L
R
SUB
L
R
SUB
LEFT
RIGHT
SPEAKER
LEVEL
INPUT
7
CENTER UNIT (Cassette receiver,
CD receiver, etc.)
Power control wire*
RCA cable*
Genuine-accessory car stereo (No
line output center unit etc.)
ACC
Battery
Car fuse box
Lead terminal*
Lead terminal*
5-channel system
3-channel system
RCA cable connection
Speaker level input connection
Speaker stereo connection
Speaker bridge connection
CENTER
UNIT
CENTER
UNIT
CENTER
UNIT
CENTER
UNIT
CENTER
UNIT
Left speaker
Right speaker
Subwoofer
Lead terminal*
Subwoofer
Front left speaker
Front right speaker
Rear left speaker
Rear right speaker
Left
Front left
Front right
Right
Rear left
Rear right
Subwoofer
Front
Rear
Non-fader
*
Commercially available
parts
Bridge
Bridge
Description of markings in the figure.
KAC-959(KE)1En
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